The Definition Of Personalized Learning

The Definition Of Personalized Learning

09/12/2013, Terry Heick

The definition of personalized learning is any learning experience that is self-initiated and self-directed in pursuit of outcomes that are first personal (e.g., curiosity-based, self-prioritized, etc.) This includes the identification of potential topics, self-assessment, publishing, connecting with peer sets and experts, and other important components of any authentic learning process. The end result is, ideally, a learner who is literate in both the content and process of learning.

We’ve covered the difference between differentiation and personalized learning before, and David Warlick takes a similar approach in the chart shown below from his blog.

The contrast he identifies is similar to those voiced before (one is focused on teachers and performance, one on learners and knowledge itself), but interestingly he points out the the very different role of academic standards. Under the Individualized Instruction approach, the standards are “a rich set of institutionally and politically established competencies…that can be tested, measured, and converted into data…for refining instruction,” while Personalized Learning pursues a more “shallow framework of competencies” and is instead focused on the process of learning itself, which definitely makes sense in an information-rich world.

(Warlick also includes an interesting snapshot of the Google search trends for the phrases that somewhat reflect public interest and awareness for the respective terms.)

None of this means, of course, that standards-based learning can’t possibly be personalized, but the shift here in the reasons and pathways for learning is no small matter. What’s your take? What are the pros and cons for each, and what takeaways did you find here?



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